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How to identify symptoms of meningitis

The Nigeria Centre for Disease Control and Prevention (NCDC) says  Meningitis is a serious disease that requires prompt medical attention for effective treatment.

The NCDC via its official website on Tuesday, said that to ensure early reporting to a healthcare facility, it was crucial for Nigerians to be aware of the signs and symptoms of meningitis.

“Common symptoms of meningitis include sudden high fever, severe headache, stiff neck, nausea and vomiting, sensitivity to light, confusion, and in some cases, a skin rash.

“It is important to note that symptoms can vary,  depending on the age of the individual, with infants showing signs such as irritability, poor feeding, and a bulging fontanelle, while older adults may exhibit confusion, difficulty concentrating, and muscle aches,” it explained.

The public health agency said that early diagnosis and treatment of meningitis could help prevent serious complications such as brain damage, hearing loss, or even death.

It said that by Nigerians being vigilant and recognising the signs of meningitis, they  could take proactive steps to ensure early intervention and effective management of the potentially life-threatening disease, stay informed and  safe.

Meanwhile, the National Primary Health Care Development Agency (NPHCDA),  has urged Nigerians to remain vigilant against meningitis.


“Take action by recognising the symptoms (high fever, headache, stiff neck) and ensuring you and your loved ones are vaccinated,” it said.

The NPHCDA said that to  protect themselves from meningitis, it’s advised that  Nigerians should take the following precautions:

“Get vaccinated: The most effective way to prevent meningitis is through vaccination. There are different types of vaccines available that can protect against various strains of the disease.

“It is important to consult with a healthcare provider to determine the most appropriate vaccine for you,” it said.

The immunisation agency  said that Nigerians should practice good hygiene.

“Meningitis is often spread through respiratory droplets, so it is important to practice good hygiene by washing hands regularly and avoiding close contact with individuals who are sick,” it’s said.

According to it,  Avoid crowded places, Meningitis can spread quickly in crowded places, so it is advisable to avoid large gatherings, especially during outbreaks of the disease.

It advised that people should seek  medical attention. “If you experience symptoms such as fever, headache, stiff neck, and confusion, it is important to seek medical attention immediately.

“Early diagnosis and treatment can help prevent serious complications of meningitis,” it said.

It, however,  said that by  taking these precautions, Nigerians could protect themselves and their loved ones from the potentially deadly effects of meningitis. (NAN)

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